The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.3.1.182      
Transferred entry: (R)-citramalate synthase. Now classified as EC 2.3.3.21, (R)-citramalate synthase.
[EC 2.3.1.182 created 2007, deleted 2021]
 
 
EC 2.3.3.21     
Accepted name: (R)-citramalate synthase
Reaction: acetyl-CoA + pyruvate + H2O = CoA + (2R)-2-hydroxy-2-methylbutanedioate
Glossary: (2R)-2-hydroxy-2-methylbutanedioate = (2R)-2-methylmalate = (–)-citramalate
3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate = α-ketoisovalerate
2-oxobutanoate = α-ketobutyrate
4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate = α-ketoisocaproate
2-oxohexanoate = α-ketopimelate
2-oxoglutarate = α-ketoglutarate
Other name(s): CimA
Comments: One of the enzymes involved in a pyruvate-derived pathway for isoleucine biosynthesis that is found in some bacterial and archaeal species [1,2]. The enzyme can be inhibited by isoleucine, the end-product of the pathway, but not by leucine [2]. The enzyme is highly specific for pyruvate as substrate, as the 2-oxo acids 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate, 2-oxobutanoate, 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate, 2-oxohexanoate and 2-oxoglutarate cannot act as substrate [1,2].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Howell, D.M., Xu, H. and White, R.H. (R)-citramalate synthase in methanogenic archaea. J. Bacteriol. 181 (1999) 331–333. [DOI] [PMID: 9864346]
2.  Xu, H., Zhang, Y., Guo, X., Ren, S., Staempfli, A.A., Chiao, J., Jiang, W. and Zhao, G. Isoleucine biosynthesis in Leptospira interrogans serotype 1ai strain 56601 proceeds via a threonine-independent pathway. J. Bacteriol. 186 (2004) 5400–5409. [DOI] [PMID: 15292141]
[EC 2.3.3.21 created 2007 as EC 2.3.1.182, transferred 2021 to EC 2.3.3.21]
 
 
EC 2.8.3.20     
Accepted name: succinyl-CoA—D-citramalate CoA-transferase
Reaction: (1) succinyl-CoA + (R)-citramalate = succinate + (R)-citramalyl-CoA
(2) succinyl-CoA + (R)-malate = succinate + (R)-malyl-CoA
Glossary: (R)-citramalate = (2R)-2-hydroxy-2-methylbutanedioate
(R)-malate = (2R)-2-hydroxybutanedioate
(R)-malyl-CoA = (3R)-3-carboxy-3-hydroxypropanoyl-CoA
Other name(s): Sct
Systematic name: succinyl-CoA:(R)-citramalate CoA-transferase
Comments: The enzyme, purified from the bacterium Clostridium tetanomorphum, can also accept itaconate as acceptor, with lower efficiency.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Friedmann, S., Alber, B.E. and Fuchs, G. Properties of succinyl-coenzyme A:D-citramalate coenzyme A transferase and its role in the autotrophic 3-hydroxypropionate cycle of Chloroflexus aurantiacus. J. Bacteriol. 188 (2006) 6460–6468. [DOI] [PMID: 16952935]
[EC 2.8.3.20 created 2014]
 
 


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