The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.3.8.16     
Accepted name: 2-amino-4-deoxychorismate dehydrogenase
Reaction: (2S)-2-amino-4-deoxychorismate + FMN = 3-(1-carboxyvinyloxy)anthranilate + FMNH2
For diagram of enediyne antitumour antibiotic biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: (2S)-2-amino-4-deoxychorismate = (2S,3S)-3-(1-carboxyvinyloxy)-2,3-dihydroanthranilate
3-enolpyruvoylanthranilate = 3-(1-carboxyvinyloxy)anthranilate
Other name(s): ADIC dehydrogenase; 2-amino-2-deoxyisochorismate dehydrogenase; SgcG
Systematic name: (2S)-2-amino-4-deoxychorismate:FMN oxidoreductase
Comments: The sequential action of EC 2.6.1.86, 2-amino-4-deoxychorismate synthase and this enzyme leads to the formation of the benzoxazolinate moiety of the enediyne antitumour antibiotic C-1027 [1,2].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Van Lanen, S.G., Lin, S. and Shen, B. Biosynthesis of the enediyne antitumor antibiotic C-1027 involves a new branching point in chorismate metabolism. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105 (2008) 494–499. [DOI] [PMID: 18182490]
2.  Yu, L., Mah, S., Otani, T. and Dedon, P. The benzoxazolinate of C-1027 confers intercalative DNA binding. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117 (1995) 8877–8878. [DOI]
[EC 1.3.8.16 created 2008 as 1.3.99.24, transferred 2020 to EC 1.3.8.16.]
 
 
EC 1.3.99.24      
Transferred entry: 2-amino-4-deoxychorismate dehydrogenase. Now EC 1.3.8.16, 2-amino-4-deoxychorismate dehydrogenase
[EC 1.3.99.24 created 2008, deleted 2020]
 
 
EC 2.6.1.86     
Accepted name: 2-amino-4-deoxychorismate synthase
Reaction: (2S)-2-amino-4-deoxychorismate + L-glutamate = chorismate + L-glutamine
For diagram of enediyne antitumour antibiotic biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: (2S)-2-amino-4-deoxychorismate = (2S,3S)-3-(1-carboxyvinyloxy)-2,3-dihydroanthranilate
Other name(s): ADIC synthase; 2-amino-2-deoxyisochorismate synthase; SgcD
Systematic name: (2S)-2-amino-4-deoxychorismate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
Comments: Requires Mg2+. The reaction occurs in the reverse direction to that shown above. In contrast to most anthranilate-synthase I (ASI) homologues, this enzyme is not inhibited by tryptophan. In Streptomyces globisporus, the sequential action of this enzyme and EC 1.3.99.24, 2-amino-4-deoxychorismate dehydrogenase, leads to the formation of the benzoxazolinate moiety of the enediyne antitumour antibiotic C-1027 [1,2]. In certain Pseudomonads the enzyme participates in the biosynthesis of phenazine, a precursor for several compounds with antibiotic activity [3,4].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Van Lanen, S.G., Lin, S. and Shen, B. Biosynthesis of the enediyne antitumor antibiotic C-1027 involves a new branching point in chorismate metabolism. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105 (2008) 494–499. [DOI] [PMID: 18182490]
2.  Yu, L., Mah, S., Otani, T. and Dedon, P. The benzoxazolinate of C-1027 confers intercalative DNA binding. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 117 (1995) 8877–8878. [DOI]
3.  McDonald, M., Mavrodi, D.V., Thomashow, L.S. and Floss, H.G. Phenazine biosynthesis in Pseudomonas fluorescens: branchpoint from the primary shikimate biosynthetic pathway and role of phenazine-1,6-dicarboxylic acid. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123 (2001) 9459–9460. [PMID: 11562236]
4.  Laursen, J.B. and Nielsen, J. Phenazine natural products: biosynthesis, synthetic analogues, and biological activity. Chem. Rev. 104 (2004) 1663–1686. [DOI] [PMID: 15008629]
[EC 2.6.1.86 created 2008]
 
 
EC 3.3.2.15     
Accepted name: trans-2,3-dihydro-3-hydroxyanthranilic acid synthase
Reaction: (2S)-2-amino-4-deoxychorismate + H2O = (5S,6S)-6-amino-5-hydroxycyclohexa-1,3-diene-1-carboxylate + pyruvate
For diagram of enediyne antitumour antibiotic biosynthesis and pyocyanin biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: (5S,6S)-6-amino-5-hydroxycyclohexa-1,3-diene-1-carboxylate = trans-2,3-dihydro-3-hydroxyanthranilate
Other name(s): isochorismatase (ambiguous); phzD (gene name)
Systematic name: (2S)-2-amino-4-deoxychorismate pyruvate-hydrolase
Comments: Isolated from the bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Involved in phenazine biosynthesis.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Mavrodi, D.V., Bonsall, R.F., Delaney, S.M., Soule, M.J., Phillips, G. and Thomashow, L.S. Functional analysis of genes for biosynthesis of pyocyanin and phenazine-1-carboxamide from Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. J. Bacteriol. 183 (2001) 6454–6465. [DOI] [PMID: 11591691]
2.  Parsons, J.F., Calabrese, K., Eisenstein, E. and Ladner, J.E. Structure and mechanism of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PhzD, an isochorismatase from the phenazine biosynthetic pathway. Biochemistry 42 (2003) 5684–5693. [DOI] [PMID: 12741825]
[EC 3.3.2.15 created 2016]
 
 


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