The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.5.99.14     
Accepted name: 6-hydroxypseudooxynicotine dehydrogenase
Reaction: 1-(6-hydroxypyridin-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one + acceptor + H2O = 1-(2,6-dihydroxypyridin-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one + reduced acceptor
For diagram of nicotine catabolism by arthrobacter, click here
Glossary: 1-(6-hydroxypyridin-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one = 6-hydroxypseudooxynicotine
1-(2,6-dihydroxypyridin-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one = 2,6-dihydroxypseudooxynicotine
Systematic name: 1-(6-hydroxypyridin-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one:acceptor 6-oxidoreductase (hydroxylating)
Comments: Contains a cytidylyl molybdenum cofactor [3]. The enzyme, which participates in the nicotine degradation pathway, has been characterized from the soil bacterium Arthrobacter nicotinovorans [1,2].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, UM-BBD
References:
1.  Freudenberg, W., Konig, K. and Andreesen, J. R. Nicotine dehydrogenase from Arthrobacter oxidans: A molybdenum-containing hydroxylase. FEMS Microbiology Letters 52 (1988) 13–18.
2.  Grether-Beck, S., Igloi, G.L., Pust, S., Schilz, E., Decker, K. and Brandsch, R. Structural analysis and molybdenum-dependent expression of the pAO1-encoded nicotine dehydrogenase genes of Arthrobacter nicotinovorans. Mol. Microbiol. 13 (1994) 929–936. [DOI] [PMID: 7815950]
3.  Sachelaru, P., Schiltz, E. and Brandsch, R. A functional mobA gene for molybdopterin cytosine dinucleotide cofactor biosynthesis is required for activity and holoenzyme assembly of the heterotrimeric nicotine dehydrogenases of Arthrobacter nicotinovorans. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 72 (2006) 5126–5131. [DOI] [PMID: 16820521]
[EC 1.5.99.14 created 2012]
 
 
EC 3.7.1.19     
Accepted name: 2,6-dihydroxypseudooxynicotine hydrolase
Reaction: 1-(2,6-dihydroxypyridin-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one + H2O = 2,6-dihydroxypyridine + 4-methylaminobutanoate
For diagram of nicotine catabolism by arthrobacter, click here
Glossary: 1-(2,6-dihydroxypyridin-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one = 2,6-dihydroxypseudooxynicotine
Systematic name: 1-(2,6-dihydroxypyridin-3-yl)-4-(methylamino)butan-1-one hydrolase
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the soil bacterium Arthrobacter nicotinovorans, participates in nicotine degradation.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Gherna, R.L., Richardson, S.H. and Rittenberg, S.C. The bacterial oxidation of nicotine. VI. The metabolism of 2,6-dihydroxypseudooxynicotine. J. Biol. Chem. 240 (1965) 3669–3674. [PMID: 5835946]
2.  Sachelaru, P., Schiltz, E., Igloi, G.L. and Brandsch, R. An α/β-fold C—C bond hydrolase is involved in a central step of nicotine catabolism by Arthrobacter nicotinovorans. J. Bacteriol. 187 (2005) 8516–8519. [DOI] [PMID: 16321959]
[EC 3.7.1.19 created 2012]
 
 


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