The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: cysteine transaminase
Reaction: L-cysteine + 2-oxoglutarate = 2-oxo-3-sulfanylpropanoate + L-glutamate
For diagram of reaction, click here and for mechanism, click here
Other name(s): cysteine aminotransferase; L-cysteine aminotransferase; CGT
Systematic name: L-cysteine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
Comments: A pyridoxal-phosphate protein.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 9030-32-4
1.  Chatagner, F. and Sauret-Ignazi, G. Role des transamination et du phosphate de pyridoxal dans la formation enzymatique de H2S a partir de la cystéine par le foie du rat en anaérobiose. Bull. Soc. Chim. Biol. 38 (1956) 415–428. [PMID: 13342749]
[EC created 1961]
Accepted name: 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase
Reaction: 2-oxo-3-sulfanylpropanoate + reduced thioredoxin = pyruvate + hydrogen sulfide + oxidized thioredoxin (overall reaction)
(1a) 2-oxo-3-sulfanylpropanoate + [3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase]-L-cysteine = pyruvate + [3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase]-S-sulfanyl-L-cysteine
(1b) [3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase]-S-sulfanyl-L-cysteine + reduced thioredoxin = hydrogen sulfide + [3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase]-L-cysteine + oxidized thioredoxin
Glossary: 2-oxo-3-sulfanylpropanoate = 3-mercaptopyruvate (deprecated)
Other name(s): β-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase; TUM1 (gene name); MPST (gene name); 3-mercaptopyruvate:cyanide sulfurtransferase
Systematic name: 2-oxo-3-sulfanylpropanoate:sulfide sulfurtransferase
Comments: The enzyme catalyses a transsulfuration reaction from 2-oxo-3-sulfanylpropanoate to an internal cysteine residue. In the presence of a dithiol such as reduced thioredoxin or dihydrolipoate, the sulfanyl sulfur is released as hydrogen sulfide. The enzyme participates in a sulfur relay process that leads to the 2-thiolation of some tRNAs and to protein urmylation by transferring sulfur between the NFS1 cysteine desulfurase (EC and the MOCS3 sulfurtransferase (EC
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 9026-05-5
1.  Fiedler, H. and Wood, J.L. Specificity studies on the β-mercaptopyruvate-cyanide transsulfuration system. J. Biol. Chem. 222 (1956) 387–397. [PMID: 13367011]
2.  Sörbo, B.H. Enzymic transfer of sulfur from mercaptopyruvate to sulfite or sulfinates. Biochem. Biophys. Acta 24 (1957) 324–329. [PMID: 13436433]
3.  Hylin, J.W. and Wood, J.L. Enzymatic formation of polysulfides from mercaptopyruvate. J. Biol. Chem. 234 (1959) 2141–2144. [PMID: 13673028]
4.  van den Hamer, C.J.A., Morell, A.G. and Scheinberg, H.I. A study of the copper content of β-mercaptopyruvate trans-sulfurase. J. Biol. Chem. 242 (1967) 2514–2516. [PMID: 6026243]
5.  Vachek, H. and Wood, J.L. Purification and properties of mercaptopyruvate sulfur transferase of Escherichia coli. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 258 (1972) 133–146. [DOI] [PMID: 4550801]
6.  Nagahara, N. and Katayama, A. Post-translational regulation of mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase via a low redox potential cysteine-sulfenate in the maintenance of redox homeostasis. J. Biol. Chem. 280 (2005) 34569–34576. [DOI] [PMID: 16107337]
7.  Shibuya, N., Tanaka, M., Yoshida, M., Ogasawara, Y., Togawa, T., Ishii, K. and Kimura, H. 3-Mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase produces hydrogen sulfide and bound sulfane sulfur in the brain. Antioxid Redox Signal 11 (2009) 703–714. [DOI] [PMID: 18855522]
8.  Mikami, Y., Shibuya, N., Kimura, Y., Nagahara, N., Ogasawara, Y. and Kimura, H. Thioredoxin and dihydrolipoic acid are required for 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase to produce hydrogen sulfide. Biochem. J. 439 (2011) 479–485. [DOI] [PMID: 21732914]
[EC created 1961, modified 2018]

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