The Enzyme Database

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EC 2.1.1.254     
Accepted name: erythromycin 3′′-O-methyltransferase
Reaction: (1) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + erythromycin C = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + erythromycin A
(2) S-adenosyl-L-methionine + erythromycin D = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + erythromycin B
For diagram of erythromycin biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): EryG
Systematic name: S-adenosyl-L-methionine:erythromycin C 3′′-O-methyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme methylates the 3 position of the mycarosyl moiety of erythromycin C, forming the most active form of the antibiotic, erythromycin A. It can also methylate the precursor erythromycin D, forming erythromycin B, which is then converted to erythromycin A by EC 1.14.13.154, erythromycin 12 hydroxylase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Paulus, T.J., Tuan, J.S., Luebke, V.E., Maine, G.T., DeWitt, J.P. and Katz, L. Mutation and cloning of eryG, the structural gene for erythromycin O-methyltransferase from Saccharopolyspora erythraea, and expression of eryG in Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol. 172 (1990) 2541–2546. [DOI] [PMID: 2185226]
2.  Summers, R.G., Donadio, S., Staver, M.J., Wendt-Pienkowski, E., Hutchinson, C.R. and Katz, L. Sequencing and mutagenesis of genes from the erythromycin biosynthetic gene cluster of Saccharopolyspora erythraea that are involved in L-mycarose and D-desosamine production. Microbiology 143 (1997) 3251–3262. [DOI] [PMID: 9353926]
[EC 2.1.1.254 created 2012]
 
 
EC 2.4.1.318     
Accepted name: demethyllactenocin mycarosyltransferase
Reaction: dTDP-β-L-mycarose + demethyllactenocin = dTDP + demethylmacrocin
For diagram of tylosin biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: dTDP-β-L-mycarose = dTDP-2,6-dideoxy-3-C-methyl-β-L-ribo-hexose
demethyllactenocin = [(2R,3R,4E,6E,9R,11R,12S,13S,14R)-12-{[3,6-dideoxy-3-(dimethylamino)-D-glucopyranosyl]oxy}-2-ethyl-14-hydroxy-5,9,13-trimethyl-8,16-dioxo-11-(2-oxoethyl)oxacyclohexadeca-4,6-dien-3-yl]methyl 6-deoxy-D-allopyranoside
Other name(s): tylCV (gene name); tylC5 (gene name)
Systematic name: dTDP-β-L-mycarose:demethyllactenocin 4′-O-α-L-mycarosyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme participates in the biosynthetic pathway of the macrolide antibiotic tylosin, which is produced by several species of Streptomyces bacteria.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Bate, N., Butler, A.R., Smith, I.P. and Cundliffe, E. The mycarose-biosynthetic genes of Streptomyces fradiae, producer of tylosin. Microbiology 146 (2000) 139–146. [DOI] [PMID: 10658660]
[EC 2.4.1.318 created 2014]
 
 
EC 2.4.1.328     
Accepted name: erythronolide mycarosyltransferase
Reaction: dTDP-β-L-mycarose + erythronolide B = dTDP + 3-α-L-mycarosylerythronolide B
For diagram of erythromycin biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: dTDP-β-L-mycarose = dTDP-2,6-dideoxy-3-C-methyl-β-L-ribo-hexose
L-mycarose = 2,6-dideoxy-3-C-methyl-L-ribo-hexose
Other name(s): EryBV
Systematic name: dTDP-β-L-mycarose:erythronolide B L-mycarosyltransferase
Comments: Isolated from the bacterium Saccharopolyspora erythraea. The enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of the antibiotic erythromycin.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Zhang, C., Fu, Q., Albermann, C., Li, L. and Thorson, J.S. The in vitro characterization of the erythronolide mycarosyltransferase EryBV and its utility in macrolide diversification. ChemBioChem 8 (2007) 385–390. [DOI] [PMID: 17262863]
[EC 2.4.1.328 created 2014]
 
 


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