The Enzyme Database

Your query returned 36 entries.    printer_iconPrintable version



EC 1.1.98.2     
Accepted name: glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (coenzyme-F420)
Reaction: D-glucose 6-phosphate + oxidized coenzyme F420 = 6-phospho-D-glucono-1,5-lactone + reduced coenzyme F420
Other name(s): coenzyme F420-dependent glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase; F420-dependent glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase; FGD1; Rv0407; F420-dependent glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase 1
Systematic name: D-glucose-6-phosphate:F420 1-oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme is very specific for D-glucose 6-phosphate. No activity with NAD+, NADP+, FAD and FMN [1].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Purwantini, E. and Daniels, L. Purification of a novel coenzyme F420-dependent glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase from Mycobacterium smegmatis. J. Bacteriol. 178 (1996) 2861–2866. [DOI] [PMID: 8631674]
2.  Bashiri, G., Squire, C.J., Baker, E.N. and Moreland, N.J. Expression, purification and crystallization of native and selenomethionine labeled Mycobacterium tuberculosis FGD1 (Rv0407) using a Mycobacterium smegmatis expression system. Protein Expr. Purif. 54 (2007) 38–44. [DOI] [PMID: 17376702]
3.  Purwantini, E., Gillis, T.P. and Daniels, L. Presence of F420-dependent glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase in Mycobacterium and Nocardia species, but absence from Streptomyces and Corynebacterium species and methanogenic Archaea. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 146 (1997) 129–134. [DOI] [PMID: 8997717]
[EC 1.1.98.2 created 2010 as EC 1.1.99.34, transferred 2011 to EC 1.1.98.2]
 
 
EC 1.1.98.4     
Accepted name: F420H2:quinone oxidoreductase
Reaction: a quinol + oxidized coenzyme F420 = a quinone + reduced coenzyme F420
Glossary: oxidized coenzyme F420 = N-(N-{O-[5-(8-hydroxy-2,4-dioxo-2,3,4,10-tetrahydropyrimido[4,5-b]quinolin-10-yl)-5-deoxy-L-ribityl-1-phospho]-(S)-lactyl}-γ-L-glutamyl)-L-glutamate
Other name(s): FqoF protein
Systematic name: quinol:coenzyme-F420 oxidoreductase
Comments: An enzyme complex that contains FAD and iron-sulfur clusters. The enzyme has been described in the archaea Methanosarcina mazei and Archaeoglobus fulgidus.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Bruggemann, H., Falinski, F. and Deppenmeier, U. Structure of the F420H2:quinone oxidoreductase of Archaeoglobus fulgidus identification and overproduction of the F420H2-oxidizing subunit. Eur. J. Biochem. 267 (2000) 5810–5814. [DOI] [PMID: 10971593]
2.  Kunow, J., Linder, D., Stetter, K.O. and Thauer, R.K. F420H2: quinone oxidoreductase from Archaeoglobus fulgidus. Characterization of a membrane-bound multisubunit complex containing FAD and iron-sulfur clusters. Eur. J. Biochem. 223 (1994) 503–511. [DOI] [PMID: 8055920]
3.  Abken, H.-J. and Deppenmeier, U. Purification and properties of an F420H2 dehydrogenase from Methanosarcina mazei Gö1. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 154 (1997) 231–237.
[EC 1.1.98.4 created 2013]
 
 
EC 1.1.98.5     
Accepted name: secondary-alcohol dehydrogenase (coenzyme-F420)
Reaction: R-CHOH-R′ + oxidized coenzyme F420 = R-CO-R′ + reduced coenzyme F420
Glossary: oxidized coenzyme F420 = N-(N-{O-[5-(8-hydroxy-2,4-dioxo-2,3,4,10-tetrahydropyrimido[4,5-b]quinolin-10-yl)-5-deoxy-L-ribityl-1-phospho]-(S)-lactyl}-γ-L-glutamyl)-L-glutamate
Other name(s): F420-dependent alcohol dehydrogenase; secondary alcohol:F420 oxidoreductase; F420-dependent secondary alcohol dehydrogenase
Systematic name: secondary-alcohol:coenzyme F420 oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme isolated from the methanogenic archaea Methanogenium liminatans catalyses the reversible oxidation of various secondary and cyclic alcohols to the corresponding ketones.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Bleicher, K. and Winter, J. Purification and properties of F420- and NADP+-dependent alcohol dehydrogenases of Methanogenium liminatans and Methanobacterium palustre, specific for secondary alcohols. Eur. J. Biochem. 200 (1991) 43–51. [DOI] [PMID: 1879431]
2.  Aufhammer, S.W., Warkentin, E., Berk, H., Shima, S., Thauer, R.K. and Ermler, U. Coenzyme binding in F420-dependent secondary alcohol dehydrogenase, a member of the bacterial luciferase family. Structure 12 (2004) 361–370. [DOI] [PMID: 15016352]
[EC 1.1.98.5 created 2013]
 
 
EC 1.1.99.34      
Transferred entry: glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (coenzyme-F420). As the acceptor is now known, the enzyme has been transferred to EC 1.1.98.2, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (coenzyme-F420)
[EC 1.1.99.34 created 2010, deleted 2011]
 
 
EC 1.2.99.9      
Transferred entry: formate dehydrogenase (coenzyme F420). Now EC 1.17.98.3, formate dehydrogenase (coenzyme F420)
[EC 1.2.99.9 created 2014, deleted 2017]
 
 
EC 1.3.4.1     
Accepted name: fumarate reductase (CoM/CoB)
Reaction: fumarate + CoM + CoB = succinate + CoM-S-S-CoB
Glossary: CoB = coenzyme B = N-(7-sulfanylheptanoyl)threonine = N-(7-mercaptoheptanoyl)threonine (deprecated)
CoM = coenzyme M = 2-sulfanylethane-1-sulfonate = 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (deprecated)
Other name(s): thiol:fumarate reductase; Tfr
Systematic name: fumarate CoM:CoB oxidoreductase (succinate-forming)
Comments: The enzyme, isolated from the archaeon Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum, is very oxygen sensitive. It cannot use reduced flavins, reduced coenzyme F420, or NAD(P)H as an electron donor. Distinct from EC 1.3.1.6 [fumarate reductase (NADH)], EC 1.3.5.1 [succinate dehydrogenase (ubiquinone)], and EC 1.3.5.4 [fumarate reductase (quinol)].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Khandekar, S.S. and Eirich, L.D. Purification and characterization of an anabolic fumarate reductase from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 55 (1989) 856–861. [PMID: 2499256]
2.  Heim, S., Kunkel, A., Thauer, R.K. and Hedderich, R. Thiol:fumarate reductase (Tfr) from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum. Identification of the catalytic sites for fumarate reduction and thiol oxidation. Eur. J. Biochem. 253 (1998) 292–299. [DOI] [PMID: 9578488]
[EC 1.3.4.1 created 2014 as EC 1.3.98.2, transferred 2014 to EC 1.3.4.1]
 
 
EC 1.3.8.17     
Accepted name: dehydro coenzyme F420 reductase
Reaction: oxidized coenzyme F420-0 + FMN = dehydro coenzyme F420-0 + FMNH2
Glossary: dehydro coenzyme F420-0 = 2-{[5-deoxy-5-(8-hydroxy-2,4-dioxopyrimidino[4,5-b]quinolin-10(2H)-yl)-L-ribityloxy]hydroxyphosphoryloxy}prop-2-enoate
Other name(s): fbiB (gene name)
Systematic name: oxidized coenzyme F420-0:FMN oxidoreductase
Comments: This enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of coenzyme F420, a redox-active cofactor found in all methanogenic archaea, as well as some eubacteria. In some eubacteria the enzyme is multifunctional, also catalysing the activities of EC 6.3.2.31, coenzyme F420-0:L-glutamate ligase, and EC 6.3.2.34, coenzyme F420-1:γ-L-glutamate ligase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Bashiri, G., Antoney, J., Jirgis, E.NM., Shah, M.V., Ney, B., Copp, J., Stuteley, S.M., Sreebhavan, S., Palmer, B., Middleditch, M., Tokuriki, N., Greening, C., Scott, C., Baker, E.N. and Jackson, C.J. A revised biosynthetic pathway for the cofactor F420 in prokaryotes. Nat. Commun. 10:1558 (2019). [DOI] [PMID: 30952857]
[EC 1.3.8.17 created 2021]
 
 
EC 1.3.98.2      
Transferred entry: fumarate reductase (CoM/CoB). Now EC 1.3.4.1, fumarate reductase (CoM/CoB)
[EC 1.3.98.2 created 2014, deleted 2014]
 
 
EC 1.3.98.4     
Accepted name: 5a,11a-dehydrotetracycline reductase
Reaction: tetracycline + oxidized coenzyme F420 = 5a,11a-dehydrotetracycline + reduced coenzyme F420
For diagram of tetracycline biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): oxyR (gene name); 12-dehydrotetracycline dehydrogenase; dehydrooxytetracycline dehydrogenase; 12-dehydrotetracycline reductase
Systematic name: tetracycline:coenzyme F420 dehydrogenase
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the bacteria Streptomyces aureofaciens and Streptomyces rimosus, catalyses the last step in the biosynthesis of the tetracycline antibiotics tetracycline and oxytetracycline.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  McCormick, J.R.D., Hirsch, U., Sjolander, N.O. and Doerschuk, A.P. Cosynthesis of tetracyclines by pairs of Streptomyces aureofaciens mutants. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 82 (1960) 5006–5007.
2.  Miller, P.A., Sjolander, N.O., Nalesnyk, S., Arnold, N., Johnson, S., Doerschuk, A.P. and McCormick, J.R.D. Cosynthetic factor I, a factor involved in hydrogen-transfer in Streptomyces aureofaciens. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 82 (1960) 5002–5003.
3.  McCormick, J.R.D. and Morton, G.O. Identity of cosynthetic factor I of Streptomyces aureofaciens and fragment FO from coenzyme F420 of Methanobacterium species. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 104 (1982) 4014–4015.
4.  Wang, P., Bashiri, G., Gao, X., Sawaya, M.R. and Tang, Y. Uncovering the enzymes that catalyze the final steps in oxytetracycline biosynthesis. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135 (2013) 7138–7141. [DOI] [PMID: 23621493]
[EC 1.3.98.4 created 2016]
 
 
EC 1.5.1.40     
Accepted name: 8-hydroxy-5-deazaflavin:NADPH oxidoreductase
Reaction: reduced coenzyme F420 + NADP+ = oxidized coenzyme F420 + NADPH + H+
For diagram of coenzyme F420 biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): 8-OH-5dFl:NADPH oxidoreductase
Systematic name: reduced coenzyme F420:NADP+ oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme has an absolute requirement for both the 5-deazaflavin structure and the presence of an 8-hydroxy group in the substrate [1].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Eker, A.P., Hessels, J.K. and Meerwaldt, R. Characterization of an 8-hydroxy-5-deazaflavin:NADPH oxidoreductase from Streptomyces griseus. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 990 (1989) 80–86. [DOI] [PMID: 2492438]
[EC 1.5.1.40 created 2011]
 
 
EC 1.5.3.22     
Accepted name: coenzyme F420H2 oxidase
Reaction: 2 reduced coenzyme F420 + O2 = 2 oxidized coenzyme F420 + 2 H2O
For diagram of coenzyme F420 biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: oxidized coenzyme F420 = N-(N-{O-[5-(8-hydroxy-2,4-dioxo-2,3,4,10-tetrahydropyrimido[4,5-b]quinolin-10-yl)-5-deoxy-L-ribityl-1-phospho]-(S)-lactyl}-γ-L-glutamyl)-L-glutamate
Other name(s): FprA
Systematic name: reduced coenzyme F420:oxygen oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme contains FMN and a binuclear iron center. The enzyme from the archaeon Methanothermobacter marburgensis is Si-face specific with respect to C-5 of coenzyme F420 [2].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Seedorf, H., Dreisbach, A., Hedderich, R., Shima, S. and Thauer, R.K. F420H2 oxidase (FprA) from Methanobrevibacter arboriphilus, a coenzyme F420-dependent enzyme involved in O2 detoxification. Arch. Microbiol. 182 (2004) 126–137. [DOI] [PMID: 15340796]
2.  Seedorf, H., Kahnt, J., Pierik, A.J. and Thauer, R.K. Si-face stereospecificity at C5 of coenzyme F420 for F420H2 oxidase from methanogenic Archaea as determined by mass spectrometry. FEBS J. 272 (2005) 5337–5342. [DOI] [PMID: 16218963]
3.  Seedorf, H., Hagemeier, C.H., Shima, S., Thauer, R.K., Warkentin, E. and Ermler, U. Structure of coenzyme F420H2 oxidase (FprA), a di-iron flavoprotein from methanogenic Archaea catalyzing the reduction of O2 to H2O. FEBS J. 274 (2007) 1588–1599. [DOI] [PMID: 17480207]
[EC 1.5.3.22 created 2013]
 
 
EC 1.5.7.2     
Accepted name: coenzyme F420 oxidoreductase (ferredoxin)
Reaction: reduced coenzyme F420 + 2 oxidized ferredoxin = oxidized coenzyme F420 + 2 reduced ferredoxin + 2 H+
Glossary: oxidized coenzyme F420 = N-(N-{O-[5-(8-hydroxy-2,4-dioxo-2,3,4,10-tetrahydropyrimido[4,5-b]quinolin-10-yl)-5-deoxy-L-ribityl-1-phospho]-(S)-lactyl}-γ-L-glutamyl)-L-glutamate
Other name(s): Fd:F420 oxidoreductase; FpoF protein; ferredoxin:F420 oxidoreductase
Systematic name: coenzyme F420:ferredoxin oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme from the archaeon Methanosarcina mazei contains iron-sulfur centres and FAD.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Welte, C. and Deppenmeier, U. Re-evaluation of the function of the F420 dehydrogenase in electron transport of Methanosarcina mazei. FEBS J. 278 (2011) 1277–1287. [DOI] [PMID: 21306561]
[EC 1.5.7.2 created 2013]
 
 
EC 1.5.98.1     
Accepted name: methylenetetrahydromethanopterin dehydrogenase
Reaction: 5,10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin + oxidized coenzyme F420 = 5,10-methenyltetrahydromethanopterin + reduced coenzyme F420
For diagram of methane biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): N5,N10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin dehydrogenase; 5,10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin dehydrogenase
Systematic name: 5,10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin:coenzyme-F420 oxidoreductase
Comments: Coenzyme F420 is a 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin derivative; methanopterin is a pterin analogue. The enzyme is involved in the formation of methane from CO2 in the methanogen Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, UM-BBD, CAS registry number: 100357-01-5
References:
1.  Hartzell, P.L., Zvilius, G., Escalante-Semerena, J.C. and Donnelly, M.I. Coenzyme F420 dependence of the methylenetetrahydromethanopterin dehydrogenase of Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 133 (1985) 884–890. [DOI] [PMID: 4084309]
2.  te Brömmelstroet, B.W., Geerts, W.J., Keltjens, J.T., van der Drift, C. and Vogels, G.D. Purification and properties of 5,10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin dehydrogenase and 5,10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin reductase, two coenzyme F420-dependent enzymes, from Methanosarcina barkeri. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1079 (1991) 293–302. [DOI] [PMID: 1911853]
[EC 1.5.98.1 created 1989 as EC 1.5.99.9, modified 2004, transferred to EC 1.5.98.1 2014]
 
 
EC 1.5.98.2     
Accepted name: 5,10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin reductase
Reaction: 5-methyltetrahydromethanopterin + oxidized coenzyme F420 = 5,10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin + reduced coenzyme F420
For diagram of methane biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): 5,10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin cyclohydrolase; N5,N10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin reductase; methylene-H4MPT reductase; coenzyme F420-dependent N5,N10-methenyltetrahydromethanopterin reductase; N5,N10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin:coenzyme-F420 oxidoreductase
Systematic name: 5-methyltetrahydromethanopterin:coenzyme-F420 oxidoreductase
Comments: Catalyses an intermediate step in methanogenesis from CO2 and H2 in methanogenic archaea.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, UM-BBD
References:
1.  Ma, K. and Thauer, R.K. Purification and properties of N5,N10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin reductase from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum (strain Marburg). Eur. J. Biochem. 191 (1990) 187–193. [DOI] [PMID: 2379499]
2.  te Brömmelstroet, B.W., Geerts, W.J., Keltjens, J.T., van der Drift, C. and Vogels, G.D. Purification and properties of 5,10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin dehydrogenase and 5,10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin reductase, two coenzyme F420-dependent enzymes, from Methanosarcina barkeri. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1079 (1991) 293–302. [DOI] [PMID: 1911853]
3.  Ma, K. and Thauer, R.K. Single step purification of methylenetetrahydromethanopterin reductase from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum by specific binding to blue sepharose CL-6B. FEBS Lett. 268 (1990) 59–62. [DOI] [PMID: 1696553]
4.  te Brömmelstroet, B.W., Hensgens, C.M., Keltjens, J.T., van der Drift, C. and Vogels, G.D. Purification and properties of 5,10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin reductase, a coenzyme F420-dependent enzyme, from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum strain ΔH*. J. Biol. Chem. 265 (1990) 1852–1857. [PMID: 2298726]
5.  te Brömmelstroet, B.W., Hensgens, C.M., Geerts, W.J., Keltjens, J.T., van der Drift, C. and Vogels, G.D. Purification and properties of 5,10-methenyltetrahydromethanopterin cyclohydrolase from Methanosarcina barkeri. J. Bacteriol. 172 (1990) 564–571. [DOI] [PMID: 2298699]
[EC 1.5.98.2 created 2000 as EC 1.5.99.11, modified 2004, transferred to EC 1.5.98.2 2014]
 
 
EC 1.5.98.3     
Accepted name: coenzyme F420:methanophenazine dehydrogenase
Reaction: reduced coenzyme F420 + methanophenazine = oxidized coenzyme F420 + dihydromethanophenazine
Glossary: methanophenazine = 2-{[(6E,10E,14E)-3,7,11,15,19-pentamethylicosa-6,10,14,18-tetraen-1-yl]oxy}phenazine
dihydromethanophenazine = 2-{[(6E,10E,14E)-3,7,11,15,19-pentamethylicosa-6,10,14,18-tetraen-1-yl]oxy}-5,10-dihydrophenazine
Other name(s): F420H2 dehydrogenase; fpoBCDIF (gene names)
Systematic name: reduced coenzyme F420:methanophenazine oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme, found in some methanogenic archaea, is responsible for the reoxidation of coenzyme F420, which is reduced during methanogenesis, and for the reduction of methanophenazine to dihydromethanophenazine, which is required by EC 1.8.98.1, dihydromethanophenazine:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide reductase. The enzyme is membrane-bound, and is coupled to proton translocation across the cytoplasmic membrane, generating a proton motive force that is used for ATP generation.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Brodersen, J., Gottschalk, G. and Deppenmeier, U. Membrane-bound F420H2-dependent heterodisulfide reduction in Methanococcus volta. Arch. Microbiol. 171 (1999) 115–121. [PMID: 9914308]
2.  Baumer, S., Ide, T., Jacobi, C., Johann, A., Gottschalk, G. and Deppenmeier, U. The F420H2 dehydrogenase from Methanosarcina mazei is a Redox-driven proton pump closely related to NADH dehydrogenases. J. Biol. Chem. 275 (2000) 17968–17973. [DOI] [PMID: 10751389]
3.  Deppenmeier, U. The membrane-bound electron transport system of Methanosarcina species. J. Bioenerg. Biomembr. 36 (2004) 55–64. [PMID: 15168610]
4.  Abken H. J. and Deppenmeier, U. Purification and properties of an F420H2 dehydrogenase from Methanosarcina mazei Gö1. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 154 (2006) 231–237.
[EC 1.5.98.3 created 2017]
 
 
EC 1.5.99.9      
Transferred entry: methylenetetrahydromethanopterin dehydrogenase. As the acceptor is known the enzyme has been transferred to EC 1.5.98.1, methylenetetrahydromethanopterin dehydrogenase
[EC 1.5.99.9 created 1989, modified 2004, deleted 2014]
 
 
EC 1.5.99.11      
Transferred entry: methylenetetrahydromethanopterin dehydrogenase. As the acceptor is known the enzyme has been transferred to EC 1.5.98.2, 5,10-methylenetetrahydromethanopterin reductase
[EC 1.5.99.11 created 2000, modified 2004, deleted 2014]
 
 
EC 1.8.7.3     
Accepted name: ferredoxin:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide reductase
Reaction: 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + CoB + CoM = 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + CoM-S-S-CoB + 2 H+
Glossary: CoB = coenzyme B = N-(7-sulfanylheptanoyl)threonine = N-(7-mercaptoheptanoyl)threonine 3-O-phosphate (deprecated)
CoM = coenzyme M = 2-sulfanylethane-1-sulfonate = 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (deprecated)
CoM-S-S-CoB = CoB-CoM heterodisulfide = N-{7-[(2-sulfoethyl)dithio]heptanoyl}-O3-phospho-L-threonine =
O3-phospho-N-{7-[2-(2-sulfoethyl)disulfan-1-yl]heptanoyl}-L-threonine
Other name(s): hdrABC (gene names); hdrA1B1C1 (gene names); hdrA2B2C2 (gene names)
Systematic name: CoB,CoM:ferredoxin oxidoreductase
Comments: HdrABC is an enzyme complex that is found in most methanogens and catalyses the reduction of the CoB-CoM heterodisulfide back to CoB and CoM. HdrA contains a FAD cofactor that acts as the entry point for electrons, which are transferred via HdrC to the HdrB catalytic subunit. One form of the enzyme from Methanosarcina acetivorans (HdrA2B2C2) can also catalyse EC 1.8.98.4, coenzyme F420:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide,ferredoxin reductase. cf. EC 1.8.98.5, H2:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide,ferredoxin reductase, EC 1.8.98.6, formate:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide,ferredoxin reductase, and EC 1.8.98.1, dihydromethanophenazine:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide reductase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Buan, N.R. and Metcalf, W.W. Methanogenesis by Methanosarcina acetivorans involves two structurally and functionally distinct classes of heterodisulfide reductase. Mol. Microbiol. 75 (2010) 843–853. [DOI] [PMID: 19968794]
2.  Yan, Z., Wang, M. and Ferry, J.G. A ferredoxin- and F420H2-dependent, electron-bifurcating, heterodisulfide reductase with homologs in the domains Bacteria and Archaea. mBio 8 (2017) e02285-16. [DOI] [PMID: 28174314]
[EC 1.8.7.3 created 2017]
 
 
EC 1.8.98.1     
Accepted name: dihydromethanophenazine:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide reductase
Reaction: CoB + CoM + methanophenazine = CoM-S-S-CoB + dihydromethanophenazine
For diagram of methane biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: CoB = coenzyme B = N-(7-sulfanylheptanoyl)threonine = N-(7-mercaptoheptanoyl)threonine 3-O-phosphate (deprecated)
CoM = coenzyme M = 2-sulfanylethane-1-sulfonate = 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (deprecated)
methanophenazine = 2-{[(6E,10E,14E)-3,7,11,15,19-pentamethylicosa-6,10,14,18-tetraen-1-yl]oxy}phenazine
CoM-S-S-CoB = CoB-CoM heterodisulfide = N-{7-[(2-sulfoethyl)dithio]heptanoyl}-O3-phospho-L-threonine = O3-phospho-N-{7-[2-(2-sulfoethyl)disulfan-1-yl]heptanoyl}-L-threonine
Other name(s): hdrDE (gene names); CoB—CoM heterodisulfide reductase (ambiguous); heterodisulfide reductase (ambiguous); coenzyme B:coenzyme M:methanophenazine oxidoreductase
Systematic name: CoB:CoM:methanophenazine oxidoreductase
Comments: This enzyme, found in methanogenic archaea that belong to the Methanosarcinales order, regenerates CoM and CoB after the action of EC 2.8.4.1, coenzyme-B sulfoethylthiotransferase. It is a membrane-bound enzyme that contains (per heterodimeric unit) two distinct b-type hemes and two [4Fe-4S] clusters. cf. EC 1.8.7.3, ferredoxin:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide reductase, EC 1.8.98.5, H2:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide,ferredoxin reductase, EC 1.8.98.6, formate:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide,ferredoxin reductase and EC 1.8.98.4, coenzyme F420:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide,ferredoxin reductase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Hedderich, R., Berkessel, A. and Thauer, R.K. Purification and properties of heterodisulfide reductase from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum (strain Marburg). Eur. J. Biochem. 193 (1990) 255–261. [DOI] [PMID: 2121478]
2.  Abken, H.J., Tietze, M., Brodersen, J., Bäumer, S., Beifuss, U. and Deppenmeier, U. Isolation and characterization of methanophenazine and function of phenazines in membrane-bound electron transport of Methanosarcina mazei gol. J. Bacteriol. 180 (1998) 2027–2032. [PMID: 9555882]
3.  Simianu, M., Murakami, E., Brewer, J.M. and Ragsdale, S.W. Purification and properties of the heme- and iron-sulfur-containing heterodisulfide reductase from Methanosarcina thermophila. Biochemistry 37 (1998) 10027–10039. [DOI] [PMID: 9665708]
4.  Murakami, E., Deppenmeier, U. and Ragsdale, S.W. Characterization of the intramolecular electron transfer pathway from 2-hydroxyphenazine to the heterodisulfide reductase from Methanosarcina thermophila. J. Biol. Chem. 276 (2001) 2432–2439. [DOI] [PMID: 11034998]
[EC 1.8.98.1 created 2003, modified 2017]
 
 
EC 1.8.98.3     
Accepted name: sulfite reductase (coenzyme F420)
Reaction: hydrogen sulfide + 3 oxidized coenzyme F420 + 3 H2O = sulfite + 3 reduced coenzyme F420
Other name(s): coenzyme F420-dependent sulfite reductase; Fsr
Systematic name: hydrogen sulfide:coenzyme F420 oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme, isolated from the archaeon Methanocaldococcus jannaschii, is involved in sulfite detoxification and assimilation.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Johnson, E.F. and Mukhopadhyay, B. A new type of sulfite reductase, a novel coenzyme F420-dependent enzyme, from the methanarchaeon Methanocaldococcus jannaschii. J. Biol. Chem. 280 (2005) 38776–38786. [DOI] [PMID: 16048999]
2.  Johnson, E.F. and Mukhopadhyay, B. Coenzyme F420-dependent sulfite reductase-enabled sulfite detoxification and use of sulfite as a sole sulfur source by Methanococcus maripaludis. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 74 (2008) 3591–3595. [DOI] [PMID: 18378657]
[EC 1.8.98.3 created 2014]
 
 
EC 1.8.98.4     
Accepted name: coenzyme F420:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide,ferredoxin reductase
Reaction: 2 oxidized coenzyme F420 + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + CoB + CoM + 2 H+ = 2 reduced coenzyme F420 + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + CoM-S-S-CoB
Glossary: CoB = coenzyme B = N-(7-sulfanylheptanoyl)threonine = N-(7-mercaptoheptanoyl)threonine 3-O-phosphate (deprecated)
CoM = coenzyme M = 2-sulfanylethane-1-sulfonate = 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (deprecated)
CoM-S-S-CoB = CoB-CoM heterodisulfide = N-{7-[(2-sulfoethyl)dithio]heptanoyl}-O3-phospho-L-threonine =
O3-phospho-N-{7-[2-(2-sulfoethyl)disulfan-1-yl]heptanoyl}-L-threonine
Other name(s): hdrA2B2C2 (gene names)
Systematic name: CoB,CoM,ferredoxin:coenzyme F420 oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the archaeon Methanosarcina acetivorans, catalyses the reduction of CoB-CoM heterodisulfide back to CoB and CoM. The enzyme consists of three components, HdrA, HdrB and HdrC, all of which contain [4Fe-4S] clusters. Electrons enter at HdrA, which also contains FAD, and are transferred via HdrC to the catalytic component, HdrB. During methanogenesis from acetate the enzyme catalyses the activity of EC 1.8.7.3, ferredoxin:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide reductase. However, it can also use electron bifurcation to direct electron pairs from reduced coenzyme F420 towards the reduction of both ferredoxin and CoB-CoM heterodisulfide. This activity is proposed to take place during Fe(III)-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation. cf. EC 1.8.98.5, H2:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide,ferredoxin reductase, EC 1.8.98.6, formate:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide,ferredoxin reductase, and EC 1.8.98.1, dihydromethanophenazine:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide reductase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Yan, Z., Wang, M. and Ferry, J.G. A ferredoxin- and F420H2-dependent, electron-bifurcating, heterodisulfide reductase with homologs in the domains Bacteria and Archaea. mBio 8 (2017) e02285-16. [DOI] [PMID: 28174314]
[EC 1.8.98.4 created 2017]
 
 
EC 1.8.98.5     
Accepted name: H2:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide,ferredoxin reductase
Reaction: 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + CoB + CoM + 2 H+ = 2 H2 + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + CoM-S-S-CoB
Glossary: CoB = coenzyme B = N-(7-sulfanylheptanoyl)threonine = N-(7-mercaptoheptanoyl)threonine 3-O-phosphate (deprecated)
CoM = coenzyme M = 2-sulfanylethane-1-sulfonate = 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (deprecated)
CoM-S-S-CoB = CoB-CoM heterodisulfide = N-{7-[(2-sulfoethyl)dithio]heptanoyl}-O3-phospho-L-threonine =
O3-phospho-N-{7-[2-(2-sulfoethyl)disulfan-1-yl]heptanoyl}-L-threonine
Systematic name: CoB,CoM,ferredoxin:H2 oxidoreductase
Comments: This enzyme complex is found in H2-oxidizing CO2-reducing methanogenic archaea such as Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus. It consists of a cytoplasmic complex of HdrABC reductase and MvhAGD hydrogenase. Electron pairs donated by the hydrogenase are transferred via its δ subunit to the HdrA subunit of the reductase, where they are bifurcated, reducing both ferredoxin and CoB-CoM heterodisulfide. The reductase can also form a similar complex with formate dehydrogenase, see EC 1.8.98.6, formate:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide,ferredoxin reductase. cf. EC 1.8.7.3, ferredoxin:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide reductase, EC 1.8.98.4, coenzyme F420:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide,ferredoxin reductase, and EC 1.8.98.1, dihydromethanophenazine:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide reductase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Reeve, J.N., Beckler, G.S., Cram, D.S., Hamilton, P.T., Brown, J.W., Krzycki, J.A., Kolodziej, A.F., Alex, L., Orme-Johnson, W.H. and Walsh, C.T. A hydrogenase-linked gene in Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum strain δ H encodes a polyferredoxin. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 86 (1989) 3031–3035. [DOI] [PMID: 2654933]
2.  Hedderich, R., Koch, J., Linder, D. and Thauer, R.K. The heterodisulfide reductase from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum contains sequence motifs characteristic of pyridine-nucleotide-dependent thioredoxin reductases. Eur. J. Biochem. 225 (1994) 253–261. [DOI] [PMID: 7925445]
3.  Setzke, E., Hedderich, R., Heiden, S. and Thauer, R.K. H2: heterodisulfide oxidoreductase complex from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum. Composition and properties. Eur. J. Biochem. 220 (1994) 139–148. [DOI] [PMID: 8119281]
4.  Stojanowic, A., Mander, G.J., Duin, E.C. and Hedderich, R. Physiological role of the F420-non-reducing hydrogenase (Mvh) from Methanothermobacter marburgensis. Arch. Microbiol. 180 (2003) 194–203. [DOI] [PMID: 12856108]
5.  Kaster, A.K., Moll, J., Parey, K. and Thauer, R.K. Coupling of ferredoxin and heterodisulfide reduction via electron bifurcation in hydrogenotrophic methanogenic archaea. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 108 (2011) 2981–2986. [DOI] [PMID: 21262829]
6.  Costa, K.C., Lie, T.J., Xia, Q. and Leigh, J.A. VhuD facilitates electron flow from H2 or formate to heterodisulfide reductase in Methanococcus maripaludis. J. Bacteriol. 195 (2013) 5160–5165. [DOI] [PMID: 24039260]
[EC 1.8.98.5 created 2017]
 
 
EC 1.8.98.6     
Accepted name: formate:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide,ferredoxin reductase
Reaction: 2 CO2 + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + CoB + CoM + 2 H+ = 2 formate + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + CoM-S-S-CoB
Glossary: CoB = coenzyme B = N-(7-sulfanylheptanoyl)threonine = N-(7-mercaptoheptanoyl)threonine 3-O-phosphate (deprecated)
CoM = coenzyme M = 2-sulfanylethane-1-sulfonate = 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (deprecated)
CoM-S-S-CoB = CoB-CoM heterodisulfide = N-{7-[(2-sulfoethyl)dithio]heptanoyl}-O3-phospho-L-threonine =
O3-phospho-N-{7-[2-(2-sulfoethyl)disulfan-1-yl]heptanoyl}-L-threonine
Systematic name: coenzyme B,coenzyme M,ferredoxin:formate oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme is found in formate-oxidizing CO2-reducing methanogenic archaea such as Methanococcus maripaludis. It consists of a cytoplasmic complex of HdrABC reductase and formate dehydrogenase. Electron pairs donated by formate dehydrogenase are transferred to the HdrA subunit of the reductase, where they are bifurcated, reducing both ferredoxin and CoB-CoM heterodisulfide. cf. EC 1.8.7.3, ferredoxin:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide reductase, EC 1.8.98.4, coenzyme F420:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide,ferredoxin reductase, EC 1.8.98.5, H2:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide,ferredoxin reductase, and EC 1.8.98.1, dihydromethanophenazine:CoB-CoM heterodisulfide reductase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Costa, K.C., Wong, P.M., Wang, T., Lie, T.J., Dodsworth, J.A., Swanson, I., Burn, J.A., Hackett, M. and Leigh, J.A. Protein complexing in a methanogen suggests electron bifurcation and electron delivery from formate to heterodisulfide reductase. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107 (2010) 11050–11055. [DOI] [PMID: 20534465]
2.  Costa, K.C., Lie, T.J., Xia, Q. and Leigh, J.A. VhuD facilitates electron flow from H2 or formate to heterodisulfide reductase in Methanococcus maripaludis. J. Bacteriol. 195 (2013) 5160–5165. [DOI] [PMID: 24039260]
[EC 1.8.98.6 created 2017]
 
 
EC 1.12.98.1     
Accepted name: coenzyme F420 hydrogenase
Reaction: H2 + oxidized coenzyme F420 = reduced coenzyme F420
For diagram of reaction, click here
Glossary: coenzyme F420 = N-(N-{O-[5-(8-hydroxy-2,4-dioxo-2,3,4,10-tetrahydropyrimido[4,5-b]quinolin-10-yl)-5-deoxy-L-ribityl-1-phospho]-(S)-lactyl}-γ-L-glutamyl)-L-glutamate
Other name(s): 8-hydroxy-5-deazaflavin-reducing hydrogenase; F420-reducing hydrogenase; coenzyme F420-dependent hydrogenase
Systematic name: hydrogen:coenzyme F420 oxidoreductase
Comments: An iron-sulfur flavoprotein (FAD) containing nickel. The enzyme from some sources contains selenocysteine. The enzyme also reduces the riboflavin analogue of F420, flavins and methyl viologen, but to a lesser extent. The hydrogen acceptor coenzyme F420 is a deazaflavin derivative.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, CAS registry number: 9027-05-8
References:
1.  Adams, M.W.W., Mortenson, L.E. and Chen, J.-S. Hydrogenase. Biochim. Biophys. Acta 594 (1981) 105–176. [PMID: 6786341]
2.  Yamazaki, S. A selenium-containing hydrogenase from Methanococcus vannielii. Identification of the selenium moiety as a selenocysteine residue. J. Biol. Chem. 257 (1982) 7926–7929. [PMID: 6211447]
3.  Fox, J.A., Livingston, D.J., Orme-Johnson, W.H. and Walsh, C.T. 8-Hydroxy-5-deazaflavin-reducing hydrogenase from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum: 1. Purification and characterization. Biochemistry 26 (1987) 4219–4228. [PMID: 3663585]
4.  Muth, E., Morschel, E. and Klein, A. Purification and characterization of an 8-hydroxy-5-deazaflavin-reducing hydrogenase from the archaebacterium Methanococcus voltae. Eur. J. Biochem. 169 (1987) 571–577. [DOI] [PMID: 3121317]
5.  Baron, S.F. and Ferry, J.G. Purification and properties of the membrane-associated coenzyme F420-reducing hydrogenase from Methanobacterium formicicum. J. Bacteriol. 171 (1989) 3846–3853. [DOI] [PMID: 2738024]
[EC 1.12.98.1 created 1989 as EC 1.12.99.1, transferred 2002 to EC 1.12.98.1]
 
 
EC 1.17.98.3     
Accepted name: formate dehydrogenase (coenzyme F420)
Reaction: formate + oxidized coenzyme F420 = CO2 + reduced coenzyme F420
Other name(s): coenzyme F420 reducing formate dehydrogenase; coenzyme F420-dependent formate dehydrogenase
Systematic name: formate:coenzyme-F420 oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from methanogenic archaea, is involved in formate-dependent H2 production. It contains noncovalently bound FAD [1].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Schauer, N.L. and Ferry, J.G. FAD requirement for the reduction of coenzyme F420 by formate dehydrogenase from Methanobacterium formicicum. J. Bacteriol. 155 (1983) 467–472. [PMID: 6874636]
2.  Schauer, N.L. and Ferry, J.G. Composition of the coenzyme F420-dependent formate dehydrogenase from Methanobacterium formicicum. J. Bacteriol. 165 (1986) 405–411. [DOI] [PMID: 3944055]
3.  Lupa, B., Hendrickson, E.L., Leigh, J.A. and Whitman, W.B. Formate-dependent H2 production by the mesophilic methanogen Methanococcus maripaludis. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 74 (2008) 6584–6590. [DOI] [PMID: 18791018]
[EC 1.17.98.3 created 2014 as EC 1.2.99.9, transferred 2017 to EC 1.17.98.3]
 
 
EC 2.5.1.77      
Transferred entry: 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin synthase. Now EC 2.5.1.147, 5-amino-6-(D-ribitylamino)uracil—L-tyrosine 4-methylphenol transferase and EC 4.3.1.32, 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin synthase.
[EC 2.5.1.77 created 2010, deleted 2018]
 
 
EC 2.5.1.147     
Accepted name: 5-amino-6-(D-ribitylamino)uracil—L-tyrosine 4-hydroxyphenyl transferase
Reaction: 5-amino-6-(D-ribitylamino)uracil + L-tyrosine + S-adenosyl-L-methionine = 5-amino-5-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-6-(D-ribitylimino)-5,6-dihydrouracil + 2-iminoacetate + L-methionine + 5′-deoxyadenosine
Glossary: 5-amino-6-(D-ribitylamino)uracil = 5-amino-6-(1-D-ribitylamino)pyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione
Other name(s): cofH (gene name); cbiF (gene name) (ambiguous)
Systematic name: 5-amino-6-(D-ribitylamino)uracil:L-tyrosine, 4-hydroxyphenyl transferase
Comments: The enzyme is involved in the production of 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin (FO), the precursor of the redox cofactor coenzyme F420, which is found in methanogens and in various actinobacteria. FO is also produced by some cyanobacteria and eukaryotes. The enzyme, which forms a complex with EC 4.3.1.32, 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin synthase, is a radical SAM enzyme that uses the 5′-deoxyadenosyl radical to initiate the reaction.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Decamps, L., Philmus, B., Benjdia, A., White, R., Begley, T.P. and Berteau, O. Biosynthesis of F0, precursor of the F420 cofactor, requires a unique two radical-SAM domain enzyme and tyrosine as substrate. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134 (2012) 18173–18176. [DOI] [PMID: 23072415]
2.  Philmus, B., Decamps, L., Berteau, O. and Begley, T.P. Biosynthetic versatility and coordinated action of 5′-deoxyadenosyl radicals in deazaflavin biosynthesis. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 137 (2015) 5406–5413. [DOI] [PMID: 25781338]
[EC 2.5.1.147 created 2010 as EC 2.5.1.77, part transferred 2018 to EC 2.5.1.147]
 
 
EC 2.7.7.68     
Accepted name: 2-phospho-L-lactate guanylyltransferase
Reaction: (2S)-2-phospholactate + GTP = (2S)-lactyl-2-diphospho-5′-guanosine + diphosphate
For diagram of coenzyme F420 biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): cofC (gene name) (ambiguous)
Systematic name: GTP:2-phospho-L-lactate guanylyltransferase
Comments: This enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of coenzyme F420, a redox-active cofactor, in all methanogenic archaea. cf. EC 2.7.7.105, phosphoenolpyruvate guanylyltransferase and EC 2.7.7.106, 3-phospho-(R)-glycerate guanylyltransferase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Grochowski, L.L., Xu, H. and White, R.H. Identification and characterization of the 2-phospho-L-lactate guanylyltransferase involved in coenzyme F420 biosynthesis. Biochemistry 47 (2008) 3033–3037. [DOI] [PMID: 18260642]
2.  Braga, D., Last, D., Hasan, M., Guo, H., Leichnitz, D., Uzum, Z., Richter, I., Schalk, F., Beemelmanns, C., Hertweck, C. and Lackner, G. Metabolic pathway rerouting in Paraburkholderia rhizoxinica evolved long-overlooked derivatives of coenzyme F420. ACS Chem. Biol. 14 (2019) 2088–2094. [PMID: 31469543]
[EC 2.7.7.68 created 2010, revised 2019, modified 2020]
 
 
EC 2.7.7.105     
Accepted name: phosphoenolpyruvate guanylyltransferase
Reaction: phosphoenolpyruvate + GTP = enolpyruvoyl-2-diphospho-5′-guanosine + diphosphate
For diagram of coenzyme F420 biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): fbiD (gene name)
Systematic name: GTP:phosphoenolpyruvate guanylyltransferase
Comments: This enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of coenzyme F420, a redox-active cofactor, in mycobacteria. cf. EC 2.7.7.68, 2-phospho-L-lactate guanylyltransferase and EC 2.7.7.106, 3-phospho-(R)-glycerate guanylyltransferase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Bashiri, G., Antoney, J., Jirgis, E.NM., Shah, M.V., Ney, B., Copp, J., Stuteley, S.M., Sreebhavan, S., Palmer, B., Middleditch, M., Tokuriki, N., Greening, C., Scott, C., Baker, E.N. and Jackson, C.J. A revised biosynthetic pathway for the cofactor F420 in prokaryotes. Nat. Commun. 10:1558 (2019). [DOI] [PMID: 30952857]
2.  Braga, D., Last, D., Hasan, M., Guo, H., Leichnitz, D., Uzum, Z., Richter, I., Schalk, F., Beemelmanns, C., Hertweck, C. and Lackner, G. Metabolic pathway rerouting in Paraburkholderia rhizoxinica evolved long-overlooked derivatives of coenzyme F420. ACS Chem. Biol. 14 (2019) 2088–2094. [PMID: 31469543]
[EC 2.7.7.105 created 2020]
 
 
EC 2.7.7.106     
Accepted name: 3-phospho-D-glycerate guanylyltransferase
Reaction: 3-phospho-D-glycerate + GTP = 3-(D-glyceryl)-diphospho-5′-guanosine + diphosphate
Other name(s): cofC (gene name) (ambiguous)
Systematic name: GTP:3-phospho-D-glycerate guanylyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the Gram-negative bacterium Paraburkholderia rhizoxinica, participates in the biosynthesis of 3PG-factor 420. The enzyme can also accept 2-phospho-L-lactate and phosphoenolpyruvate, but activity is much higher with 3-phospho-D-glycerate. cf. EC 2.7.7.68, 2-phospho-L-lactate guanylyltransferase and EC 2.7.7.105, phosphoenolpyruvate guanylyltransferase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Braga, D., Last, D., Hasan, M., Guo, H., Leichnitz, D., Uzum, Z., Richter, I., Schalk, F., Beemelmanns, C., Hertweck, C. and Lackner, G. Metabolic pathway rerouting in Paraburkholderia rhizoxinica evolved long-overlooked derivatives of coenzyme F420. ACS Chem. Biol. 14 (2019) 2088–2094. [PMID: 31469543]
[EC 2.7.7.106 created 2020]
 
 
EC 2.7.8.28     
Accepted name: 2-phospho-L-lactate transferase
Reaction: (1) (2S)-lactyl-2-diphospho-5′-guanosine + 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin = GMP + factor 420-0
(2) enolpyruvoyl-2-diphospho-5′-guanosine + 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin = GMP + dehydro factor 420-0
(3) 3-[(R)-glyceryl]-diphospho-5′-guanosine + 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin = GMP + 3PG-factor 420-0
For diagram of coenzyme F420 biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: factor 420 = coenzyme F420 = N-(N-{O-[5-(8-hydroxy-2,4-dioxo-2,3,4,10-tetrahydropyrimido[4,5-b]quinolin-10-yl)-5-deoxy-L-ribityl-1-phospho]-(S)-lactyl}-γ-L-glutamyl)-L-glutamate
dehydro coenzyme F420-0 = 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin 5′-(1-carboxyvinyl)phosphate
GMP = guanosine 5′-phosphate
Other name(s): cofD (gene name); fbiA (gene name); LPPG:Fo 2-phospho-L-lactate transferase; LPPG:7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin 2-phospho-L-lactate transferase; lactyl-2-diphospho-(5′)guanosine:Fo 2-phospho-L-lactate transferase
Systematic name: (2S)-lactyl-2-diphospho-5′-guanosine:7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin 2-phospho-L-lactate transferase
Comments: This enzyme is involved in the biosynthesis of factor 420, a redox-active cofactor, in methanogenic archaea and certain bacteria. The specific reaction catalysed in vivo is determined by the availability of substrate, which in turn is determined by the enzyme present in the organism - EC 2.7.7.68, 2-phospho-L-lactate guanylyltransferase, EC 2.7.7.105, phosphoenolpyruvate guanylyltransferase, or EC 2.7.7.106, 3-phospho-D-glycerate guanylyltransferase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Graupner, M., Xu, H. and White, R.H. Characterization of the 2-phospho-L-lactate transferase enzyme involved in coenzyme F420 biosynthesis in Methanococcus jannaschii. Biochemistry 41 (2002) 3754–3761. [DOI] [PMID: 11888293]
2.  Forouhar, F., Abashidze, M., Xu, H., Grochowski, L.L., Seetharaman, J., Hussain, M., Kuzin, A., Chen, Y., Zhou, W., Xiao, R., Acton, T.B., Montelione, G.T., Galinier, A., White, R.H. and Tong, L. Molecular insights into the biosynthesis of the F420 coenzyme. J. Biol. Chem. 283 (2008) 11832–11840. [DOI] [PMID: 18252724]
3.  Braga, D., Last, D., Hasan, M., Guo, H., Leichnitz, D., Uzum, Z., Richter, I., Schalk, F., Beemelmanns, C., Hertweck, C. and Lackner, G. Metabolic pathway rerouting in Paraburkholderia rhizoxinica evolved long-overlooked derivatives of coenzyme F420. ACS Chem. Biol. 14 (2019) 2088–2094. [PMID: 31469543]
[EC 2.7.8.28 created 2010, modified 2020]
 
 
EC 4.3.1.32     
Accepted name: 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin synthase
Reaction: 5-amino-5-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-6-(D-ribitylimino)-5,6-dihydrouracil + S-adenosyl-L-methionine = 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin + NH3 + L-methionine + 5′-deoxyadenosine
Other name(s): FO synthase; fbiC (gene name) (ambiguous); cofG (gene name)
Systematic name: 5-amino-5-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-6-(D-ribitylimino)-5,6-dihydrouracil ammonia-lyase (7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin-forming)
Comments: The enzyme produces the 7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin (FO) precursor of the redox cofactor coenzyme F420, which is found in methanogens and in various actinobacteria. FO is also produced by some cyanobacteria and eukaryotes. The enzyme, which forms a complex with EC 2.5.1.147, 5-amino-6-(D-ribitylamino)uracil—L-tyrosine 4-hydroxyphenyl transferase, is a radical SAM enzyme that uses the 5′-deoxyadenosyl radical to catalyse the condensation reaction.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Decamps, L., Philmus, B., Benjdia, A., White, R., Begley, T.P. and Berteau, O. Biosynthesis of F0, precursor of the F420 cofactor, requires a unique two radical-SAM domain enzyme and tyrosine as substrate. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134 (2012) 18173–18176. [DOI] [PMID: 23072415]
2.  Philmus, B., Decamps, L., Berteau, O. and Begley, T.P. Biosynthetic versatility and coordinated action of 5′-deoxyadenosyl radicals in deazaflavin biosynthesis. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 137 (2015) 5406–5413. [DOI] [PMID: 25781338]
[EC 4.3.1.32 created 2010 as EC 2.5.1.77, part transferred 2018 to EC 4.3.1.32]
 
 
EC 6.3.2.31     
Accepted name: coenzyme F420-0:L-glutamate ligase
Reaction: GTP + coenzyme F420-0 + L-glutamate = GDP + phosphate + coenzyme F420-1
For diagram of coenzyme F420 biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: coenzyme F420 = N-(N-{O-[5-(8-hydroxy-2,4-dioxo-2,3,4,10-tetrahydropyrimido[4,5-b]quinolin-10-yl)-5-deoxy-L-ribityl-1-phospho]-(S)-lactyl}-γ-L-glutamyl)-L-glutamate
Other name(s): CofE-AF; MJ0768; CofE
Systematic name: L-glutamate:coenzyme F420-0 ligase (GDP-forming)
Comments: This protein catalyses the successive addition of two glutamate residues to cofactor F420 by two distinct and independent reactions. In the reaction described here the enzyme attaches a glutamate via its α-amine group to F420-0. In the second reaction (EC 6.3.2.34, coenzyme F420-1—γ-L-glutamate ligase) it catalyses the addition of a second L-glutamate residue to the γ-carboxyl of the first glutamate.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Li, H., Graupner, M., Xu, H. and White, R.H. CofE catalyzes the addition of two glutamates to F420-0 in F420 coenzyme biosynthesis in Methanococcus jannaschii. Biochemistry 42 (2003) 9771–9778. [DOI] [PMID: 12911320]
2.  Nocek, B., Evdokimova, E., Proudfoot, M., Kudritska, M., Grochowski, L.L., White, R.H., Savchenko, A., Yakunin, A.F., Edwards, A. and Joachimiak, A. Structure of an amide bond forming F420:γ-glutamyl ligase from Archaeoglobus fulgidus — a member of a new family of non-ribosomal peptide synthases. J. Mol. Biol. 372 (2007) 456–469. [DOI] [PMID: 17669425]
[EC 6.3.2.31 created 2010]
 
 
EC 6.3.2.32     
Accepted name: coenzyme γ-F420-2:α-L-glutamate ligase
Reaction: ATP + coenzyme γ-F420-2 + L-glutamate = ADP + phosphate + coenzyme α-F420-3
For diagram of coenzyme F420 biosynthesis, click here
Other name(s): MJ1001; CofF protein; γ-F420-2:α-L-glutamate ligase
Systematic name: L-glutamate:coenzyme γ-F420-2 (ADP-forming)
Comments: The enzyme caps the γ-glutamyl tail of the hydride carrier coenzyme F420 [1].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Li, H., Xu, H., Graham, D.E. and White, R.H. Glutathione synthetase homologs encode α-L-glutamate ligases for methanogenic coenzyme F420 and tetrahydrosarcinapterin biosyntheses. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100 (2003) 9785–9790. [DOI] [PMID: 12909715]
[EC 6.3.2.32 created 2010]
 
 
EC 6.3.2.33     
Accepted name: tetrahydrosarcinapterin synthase
Reaction: ATP + tetrahydromethanopterin + L-glutamate = ADP + phosphate + 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrosarcinapterin
For diagram of methanopterin biosynthesis (part 4), click here
Other name(s): H4MPT:α-L-glutamate ligase; MJ0620; MptN protein
Systematic name: tetrahydromethanopterin:α-L-glutamate ligase (ADP-forming)
Comments: This enzyme catalyses the biosynthesis of 5,6,7,8-tetrahydrosarcinapterin, a modified form of tetrahydromethanopterin found in the Methanosarcinales. It does not require K+, and does not discriminate between ATP and GTP [1].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Li, H., Xu, H., Graham, D.E. and White, R.H. Glutathione synthetase homologs encode α-L-glutamate ligases for methanogenic coenzyme F420 and tetrahydrosarcinapterin biosyntheses. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100 (2003) 9785–9790. [DOI] [PMID: 12909715]
[EC 6.3.2.33 created 2010]
 
 
EC 6.3.2.34     
Accepted name: coenzyme F420-1:γ-L-glutamate ligase
Reaction: GTP + coenzyme F420-1 + L-glutamate = GDP + phosphate + coenzyme γ-F420-2
For diagram of coenzyme F420 biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: coenzyme F420 = N-(N-{O-[5-(8-hydroxy-2,4-dioxo-2,3,4,10-tetrahydropyrimido[4,5-b]quinolin-10-yl)-5-deoxy-L-ribityl-1-phospho]-(S)-lactyl}-γ-L-glutamyl)-L-glutamate
Other name(s): F420:γ-glutamyl ligase; CofE-AF; MJ0768; CofE
Systematic name: L-glutamate:coenzyme F420-1 ligase (GDP-forming)
Comments: This protein catalyses the successive addition of two glutamate residues to cofactor F420 by two distinct and independent reactions. In the first reaction (EC 6.3.2.31, coenzyme F420-0—L-glutamate ligase) the enzyme attaches a glutamate via its α-amine group to F420-0. In the second reaction, which is described here, the enzyme catalyses the addition of a second L-glutamate residue to the γ-carboxyl of the first glutamate.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Li, H., Graupner, M., Xu, H. and White, R.H. CofE catalyzes the addition of two glutamates to F420-0 in F420 coenzyme biosynthesis in Methanococcus jannaschii. Biochemistry 42 (2003) 9771–9778. [DOI] [PMID: 12911320]
2.  Nocek, B., Evdokimova, E., Proudfoot, M., Kudritska, M., Grochowski, L.L., White, R.H., Savchenko, A., Yakunin, A.F., Edwards, A. and Joachimiak, A. Structure of an amide bond forming F420:γ-glutamyl ligase from Archaeoglobus fulgidus — a member of a new family of non-ribosomal peptide synthases. J. Mol. Biol. 372 (2007) 456–469. [DOI] [PMID: 17669425]
[EC 6.3.2.34 created 2010]
 
 


Data © 2001–2022 IUBMB
Web site © 2005–2022 Andrew McDonald