The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: dTDP-4-dehydrorhamnose reductase
Reaction: dTDP-β-L-rhamnose + NADP+ = dTDP-4-dehydro-β-L-rhamnose + NADPH + H+
For diagram of dtdp-6-deoxyhexose biosynthesis, click here and for diagram of 6-deoxyhexose biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: dTDP-4-dehydro-β-L-rhamnose = dTDP-4-dehydro-6-deoxy-β-L-mannose
dTDP-4-β-L-rhamnose = dTDP-6-deoxy-β-L-mannose
Other name(s): dTDP-4-keto-L-rhamnose reductase; dTDP-4-ketorhamnose reductase; TDP-4-keto-rhamnose reductase; thymidine diphospho-4-ketorhamnose reductase; dTDP-6-deoxy-L-mannose:NADP+ 4-oxidoreductase; dTDP-6-deoxy-β-L-mannose:NADP+ 4-oxidoreductase
Systematic name: dTDP-β-L-rhamnose:NADP+ 4-oxidoreductase
Comments: In the reverse direction, reduction on the 4-position of the hexose moiety takes place only while the substrate is bound to another enzyme that catalyses epimerization at C-3 and C-5; the complex has been referred to as dTDP-L-rhamnose synthase.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, PDB, CAS registry number: 37250-64-9
1.  Melo, A. and Glaser, L. The mechanism of 6-deoxyhexose synthesis. II. Conversion of deoxythymidine diphosphate 4-keto-6-deoxy-D-glucose to deoxythymidine diphosphate L-rhamnose. J. Biol. Chem. 243 (1968) 1475–1478. [PMID: 4384782]
[EC created 1972]
Accepted name: N-acetylglucosaminyl-diphospho-decaprenol L-rhamnosyltransferase
Reaction: dTDP-6-deoxy-β-L-mannose + N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-diphospho-trans,octacis-decaprenol = dTDP + α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→3)-N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-diphospho-trans,octacis-decaprenol
For diagram of galactofuranan biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: dTDP-6-deoxy-β-L-mannose = dTDP-4-β-L-rhamnose
Other name(s): WbbL
Systematic name: dTDP-6-deoxy-β-L-mannose:N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-diphospho-trans,octacis-decaprenol 3-α-L-rhamnosyltransferase
Comments: Requires Mn2+ or Mg2+. Isolated from Mycobacterium smegmatis [1] and Mycobacterium tuberculosis [2]. The enzyme catalyses the addition of a rhamnosyl unit to N-acetyl-α-D-glucosaminyl-diphospho-trans,octacis-decaprenol, completing the synthesis of the linkage unit that attaches the arabinogalactan moiety to the peptidoglycan moiety in Mycobacterial cell wall.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Mills, J.A., Motichka, K., Jucker, M., Wu, H.P., Uhlik, B.C., Stern, R.J., Scherman, M.S., Vissa, V.D., Pan, F., Kundu, M., Ma, Y.F. and McNeil, M. Inactivation of the mycobacterial rhamnosyltransferase, which is needed for the formation of the arabinogalactan-peptidoglycan linker, leads to irreversible loss of viability. J. Biol. Chem. 279 (2004) 43540–43546. [DOI] [PMID: 15294902]
2.  Grzegorzewicz, A.E., Ma, Y., Jones, V., Crick, D., Liav, A. and McNeil, M.R. Development of a microtitre plate-based assay for lipid-linked glycosyltransferase products using the mycobacterial cell wall rhamnosyltransferase WbbL. Microbiology 154 (2008) 3724–3730. [DOI] [PMID: 19047740]
[EC created 2012]
Accepted name: 8-demethyltetracenomycin C L-rhamnosyltransferase
Reaction: dTDP-β-L-rhamnose + 8-demethyltetracenomycin C = dTDP + 8-demethyl-8-α-L-rhamnosyltetracenomycin C
For diagram of elloramycin biosynthesis, click here
Glossary: dTDP-β-L-rhamnose = dTDP-6-deoxy-β-L-mannose
Other name(s): elmGT
Systematic name: dTDP-β-L-rhamnose:8-demethyltetracenomycin C 3-α-L-rhamnosyltransferase
Comments: Isolated from Streptomyces olivaceus Tü2353. Involved in elloramycin biosynthesis. In vitro it can also utilize other 6-deoxy D- or L-hexoses.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Blanco, G., Patallo, E.P., Brana, A.F., Trefzer, A., Bechthold, A., Rohr, J., Mendez, C. and Salas, J.A. Identification of a sugar flexible glycosyltransferase from Streptomyces olivaceus, the producer of the antitumor polyketide elloramycin. Chem. Biol. 8 (2001) 253–263. [DOI] [PMID: 11306350]
[EC created 2014]
Accepted name: dTDP-L-rhamnose 4-epimerase
Reaction: dTDP-6-deoxy-β-L-talose = dTDP-β-L-rhamnose
Glossary: dTDP-β-L-rhamnose = dTDP-6-deoxy-β-L-mannose
dTDP-6-deoxy-β-L-talose = dTDP-β-L-pneumose
Other name(s): dTDP-4-L-rhamnose 4-epimerase; wbiB (gene name)
Systematic name: dTDP-6-deoxy-β-L-talose 4-epimerase
Comments: The equilibrium is strongly towards dTDP-β-L-rhamnose.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Yoo, H.G., Kwon, S.Y., Karki, S. and Kwon, H.J. A new route to dTDP-6-deoxy-L-talose and dTDP-L-rhamnose: dTDP-L-rhamnose 4-epimerase in Burkholderia thailandensis. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 21 (2011) 3914–3917. [DOI] [PMID: 21640586]
[EC created 2012]

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