The Enzyme Database

Your query returned 2 entries.    printer_iconPrintable version

Accepted name: sphingoid base N-stearoyltransferase
Reaction: stearoyl-CoA + a sphingoid base = an N-(stearoyl)-sphingoid base + CoA
Glossary: a sphingoid base = an amino alcohol, composed predominantly of 18 carbon atoms, characterized by the presence of a hydroxyl group at C-1 (and often also at C-3), and an amine group at C-2.
Other name(s): mammalian ceramide synthase 1; LASS1 (gene name); UOG1 (gene name); CERS1 (gene name)
Systematic name: stearoyl-CoA:sphingoid base N-stearoyltransferase
Comments: Mammals have six ceramide synthases that exhibit relatively strict specificity regarding the chain-length of their acyl-CoA substrates. Ceramide synthase 1 (CERS1) is structurally and functionally distinctive from all other CERS enzymes, and is specific for stearoyl-CoA as the acyl donor. It can use multiple sphingoid bases including sphinganine, sphingosine, and phytosphingosine.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Venkataraman, K., Riebeling, C., Bodennec, J., Riezman, H., Allegood, J.C., Sullards, M.C., Merrill, A.H., Jr. and Futerman, A.H. Upstream of growth and differentiation factor 1 (uog1), a mammalian homolog of the yeast longevity assurance gene 1 (LAG1), regulates N-stearoyl-sphinganine (C18-(dihydro)ceramide) synthesis in a fumonisin B1-independent manner in mammalian cells. J. Biol. Chem. 277 (2002) 35642–35649. [PMID: 12105227]
2.  Kim, H.J., Qiao, Q., Toop, H.D., Morris, J.C. and Don, A.S. A fluorescent assay for ceramide synthase activity. J. Lipid Res. 53 (2012) 1701–1707. [PMID: 22661289]
3.  Wang, Z., Wen, L., Zhu, F., Wang, Y., Xie, Q., Chen, Z. and Li, Y. Overexpression of ceramide synthase 1 increases C18-ceramide and leads to lethal autophagy in human glioma. Oncotarget 8 (2017) 104022–104036. [PMID: 29262618]
4.  Turpin-Nolan, S.M., Hammerschmidt, P., Chen, W., Jais, A., Timper, K., Awazawa, M., Brodesser, S. and Bruning, J.C. CerS1-derived C18:0 ceramide in skeletal muscle promotes obesity-induced insulin resistance. Cell Rep. 26 (2019) 1–10.e7. [PMID: 30605666]
[EC created 2019]
Accepted name: fumonisin B1 esterase
Reaction: fumonisin B1 + 2 H2O = aminopentol + 2 propane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate
Glossary: fumonisin B1 = (2R,2′R)-2,2′-{[(5R,6R,7S,9S,11R,16R,18S,19S)-19-amino-11,16,18-trihydroxy-5,9-dimethylicosane-6,7-diyl]bis[oxy(2-oxoethane-2,1-diyl)]}dibutanedioic acid
aminopentol = (2S,3S,5R,10R,12S,14S,15R,16R)-2-amino-12,16-dimethylicosane-3,5,10,14,15-pentol
Other name(s): fumD (gene name)
Systematic name: fumonisin B1 acylhydrolase
Comments: The enzyme is involved in degradation of fumonisin B1 [1].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Heinl, S., Hartinger, D., Thamhesl, M., Vekiru, E., Krska, R., Schatzmayr, G., Moll, W.D. and Grabherr, R. Degradation of fumonisin B1 by the consecutive action of two bacterial enzymes. J. Biotechnol. 145 (2010) 120–129. [DOI] [PMID: 19922747]
[EC created 2011]

Data © 2001–2022 IUBMB
Web site © 2005–2022 Andrew McDonald