The Enzyme Database

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EC 1.2.1.91     
Accepted name: 3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA semialdehyde dehydrogenase
Reaction: 3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA semialdehyde + NADP+ + H2O = 3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA + NADPH + H+
For diagram of aerobic phenylacetate catabolism, click here
Glossary: 3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA semialdehyde = 3,8-dioxooct-5-enoyl-CoA
Other name(s): paaZ (gene name)
Systematic name: 3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA semialdehyde:NADP+ oxidoreductase
Comments: The enzyme from Escherichia coli is a bifunctional fusion protein that also catalyses EC 3.3.2.12, oxepin-CoA hydrolase. Combined the two activities result in a two-step conversion of oxepin-CoA to 3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA, part of an aerobic phenylacetate degradation pathway.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Ferrandez, A., Minambres, B., Garcia, B., Olivera, E.R., Luengo, J.M., Garcia, J.L. and Diaz, E. Catabolism of phenylacetic acid in Escherichia coli. Characterization of a new aerobic hybrid pathway. J. Biol. Chem. 273 (1998) 25974–25986. [DOI] [PMID: 9748275]
2.  Ismail, W., El-Said Mohamed, M., Wanner, B.L., Datsenko, K.A., Eisenreich, W., Rohdich, F., Bacher, A. and Fuchs, G. Functional genomics by NMR spectroscopy. Phenylacetate catabolism in Escherichia coli. Eur. J. Biochem. 270 (2003) 3047–3054. [DOI] [PMID: 12846838]
3.  Teufel, R., Mascaraque, V., Ismail, W., Voss, M., Perera, J., Eisenreich, W., Haehnel, W. and Fuchs, G. Bacterial phenylalanine and phenylacetate catabolic pathway revealed. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107 (2010) 14390–14395. [DOI] [PMID: 20660314]
[EC 1.2.1.91 created 2011 as EC 1.17.1.7, transferred 2014 to EC 1.2.1.91]
 
 
EC 1.17.1.7      
Transferred entry: 3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA semialdehyde dehydrogenase. Now EC 1.2.1.91, 3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA semialdehyde dehydrogenase
[EC 1.17.1.7 created 2011, deleted 2014]
 
 
EC 3.3.2.12     
Accepted name: oxepin-CoA hydrolase
Reaction: 2-oxepin-2(3H)-ylideneacetyl-CoA + H2O = 3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA semialdehyde
For diagram of aerobic phenylacetate catabolism, click here
Glossary: oxepin-CoA = 2-oxepin-2(3H)-ylideneacetyl-CoA
Other name(s): paaZ (gene name)
Systematic name: 2-oxepin-2(3H)-ylideneacetyl-CoA hydrolase
Comments: The enzyme from Escherichia coli is a bifunctional fusion protein that also catalyses EC 1.17.1.7, 3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA semialdehyde dehydrogenase.Combined the two activities result in a two-step conversion of oxepin-CoA to 3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA, part of an aerobic phenylacetate degradation pathway [1,3,4]. The enzyme from Escherichia coli also exhibits enoyl-CoA hydratase activity utilizing crotonyl-CoA as a substrate [2].
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
References:
1.  Ferrandez, A., Minambres, B., Garcia, B., Olivera, E.R., Luengo, J.M., Garcia, J.L. and Diaz, E. Catabolism of phenylacetic acid in Escherichia coli. Characterization of a new aerobic hybrid pathway. J. Biol. Chem. 273 (1998) 25974–25986. [DOI] [PMID: 9748275]
2.  Park, S.J. and Lee, S.Y. Identification and characterization of a new enoyl coenzyme A hydratase involved in biosynthesis of medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoates in recombinant Escherichia coli. J. Bacteriol. 185 (2003) 5391–5397. [DOI] [PMID: 12949091]
3.  Ismail, W., El-Said Mohamed, M., Wanner, B.L., Datsenko, K.A., Eisenreich, W., Rohdich, F., Bacher, A. and Fuchs, G. Functional genomics by NMR spectroscopy. Phenylacetate catabolism in Escherichia coli. Eur. J. Biochem. 270 (2003) 3047–3054. [DOI] [PMID: 12846838]
4.  Teufel, R., Mascaraque, V., Ismail, W., Voss, M., Perera, J., Eisenreich, W., Haehnel, W. and Fuchs, G. Bacterial phenylalanine and phenylacetate catabolic pathway revealed. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107 (2010) 14390–14395. [DOI] [PMID: 20660314]
[EC 3.3.2.12 created 2011 as EC 3.7.1.16, transferred 2013 to EC 3.3.2.12]
 
 
EC 3.7.1.16      
Transferred entry: oxepin-CoA hydrolase. Now EC 3.3.2.12, oxepin-CoA hydrolase
[EC 3.7.1.16 created 2011, deleted 2013]
 
 
EC 5.3.3.18     
Accepted name: 2-(1,2-epoxy-1,2-dihydrophenyl)acetyl-CoA isomerase
Reaction: 2-(1,2-epoxy-1,2-dihydrophenyl)acetyl-CoA = 2-oxepin-2(3H)-ylideneacetyl-CoA
For diagram of aerobic phenylacetate catabolism, click here
Glossary: 2-(1,2-epoxy-1,2-dihydrophenyl)acetyl-CoA = 2-{7-oxabicyclo[4.1.0]hepta-2,4-dien-1-yl}acetyl-CoA
oxepin-CoA = 2-oxepin-2(3H)-ylideneacetyl-CoA
Other name(s): paaG (gene name); 1,2-epoxyphenylacetyl-CoA isomerase (misleading)
Systematic name: 2-(1,2-epoxy-1,2-dihydrophenyl)acetyl-CoA isomerase
Comments: The enzyme catalyses the reversible isomerization of 2-(1,2-epoxy-1,2-dihydrophenyl)acetyl-CoA to the unusual unsaturated, oxygen-containing, seven-member heterocyclic enol ether 2-oxepin-2(3H)-ylideneacetyl-CoA, as part of an aerobic phenylacetate degradation pathway.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc, UM-BBD
References:
1.  Ismail, W., El-Said Mohamed, M., Wanner, B.L., Datsenko, K.A., Eisenreich, W., Rohdich, F., Bacher, A. and Fuchs, G. Functional genomics by NMR spectroscopy. Phenylacetate catabolism in Escherichia coli. Eur. J. Biochem. 270 (2003) 3047–3054. [DOI] [PMID: 12846838]
2.  Teufel, R., Mascaraque, V., Ismail, W., Voss, M., Perera, J., Eisenreich, W., Haehnel, W. and Fuchs, G. Bacterial phenylalanine and phenylacetate catabolic pathway revealed. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107 (2010) 14390–14395. [DOI] [PMID: 20660314]
[EC 5.3.3.18 created 2011]
 
 


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