yvb@mit.edu
Yves Bernabé
 Research Affiliate
 PhD, Geophysics, MIT, 1986
Biographical Overview
Dr. Bernabé retired from his role as Research Scientist in ERL/EAPS in 2019 but remains a member of the lab as a Research Affiliate. During a distinguished research career, Yves focused his work on the interrelationships among fluid transport, waterrock interactions, and mechanical behavior. This knowledge is essential for evaluating the risks and benefits of technologies including hydrofracking, geothermal energy, and carbon sequestration. After receiving a thirdcycle doctorate from the University of Paris in 1977, Bernabé spent a brief interlude at the Volcanological Observatory of La Guadeloupe, in the West Indies. He then matriculated to MIT, working with Prof. William Brace and Dr. Joe Walsh in the EAPS rock physics lab, and significantly improved our understanding of the effective stress law, a model for understanding the systematic effects of fluid pressure within individual pores, and lithostatic pressure in solid constituents of the rock on the transport properties of the formation. Following his PhD from EAPS, he applied his expertise in rock physics to engineering applications for Chevron Oil, before accepting an appointment as Professor of Geophysics at the University Louis Pasteur. In Strasbourg, Professor Bernabé was the head of the Laboratory of Physics of Materials and director of the Geophysical Engineering School. During this time, Yves maintained research collaborations with MIT scientists, and in 2007, he returned to EAPS as a fulltime research scientist within ERL. Since then he has continued to enhance our knowledge of subsurface porosity, fluid transport, and rock physics, and has broadened his investigations to include the effects of fluidrock reactions on fluid transport, the influence of changing topology of porosity networks, and the kinetics of pressuresolution processes in porous, fluidfilled rocks.
Publications

W. Xiao, Y. Bernabe, B. Evans, U. Mok, J. Zhao, X. Ren, M. Chen, 2019, "Klinkenberg Effect and Effective Pressure for Gas Permeability of Tight Sandstones", Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 124, 1412  1429

S. Mighani, Y. Bernabe, U. Mok, M. Peç, B. Evans, 2018, "Can we use nanoindentation to derive the Poroelastic Parameters of Microporous Rocks? Experimental Evidence", American Rock Mechanics Association

W. Xiao, J. Zhang, Y. Bernabe, U. Mok, B. Evans, J. Zhao, L. Zheng, 2018, "Experimental investigation on the effective pressure coefficient for permeability and deformation in the tight sandstone", American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting

Y. Bernabe, 2018, "Gaseous flow through heterogeneous, partially connected networks of pipes", Scientific Reports, 8:14956

M. Chen, M. Li, Y. Bernabe, J.Z. Zhao, L.H. Zhang, Z.Y. Zhang, Y.B. Tang, W.L. Xiao, 2017, "Effective Pressure Law for the Intrinsic Formation Factor in Low Permeability Sandstones", Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 8709  8723

M. Li, Y.B. Tang, Y. Bernabe, J.Z. Zhao, X.F. Li, T. Li, 2017, "Percolation connectivity, pore size, and gas apparent permeability: Network simulations and comparison to experimental data", Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 4918  4930

Y. Bernabe, Y. Wang, T. Qi, M. Li, 2016, "Passive advectiondispersion in networks of pipes: Effect of connectivity and relationship to permeability", Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 121, 713  728

Y.B. Tang, M. Li, Y. Bernabe, H.M. Tang, X.F. Li, X.Y. Bai, Z.W. Tao, 2015, "A new electrical formation factor model for bimodal carbonates: numerical studies using dualpore percolation network", Geophysical Journal International, 201, 1456  1470

M. Li, Y.B. Tang, Y. Bernabe, J.Z. Zhao, X.F. Li, X.Y. Bai, L.H. Zhang, 2015, "Pore connectivity, electrical conductivity, and partial water saturation: Network simulations", Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 120, 4055  4068

Y. Bernabe, M. Li, Y.B. Tang, B. Evans, 2015, "Pore Space Connectivity and the Transport Properties of Rocks", Oil & Gas Science and Technology – Rev. IFP Energies nouvelles

T.Farhana Faisal, S. Chevalier, Y. Bernabe, R. Juanes, M. Sassi, 2015, "Quantitative and qualitative study of density driven CO2 mass transfer in a vertical HeleShaw cell", International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 81, 901  914

M. Li, W.L. Xiao, Y. Bernabe, J.Z. Zhao, 2014, "Nonlinear effective pressure law for permeability"

B. Evans, Y. Bernabe, 2014, "Pressure solution creep of random packs of spheres"

A.H. Shabelansky, Y. Bernabe, U. Mok, B. Evans, 2014, "Temperature influence on permeability of Sioux quartzite containing mixtures of water and carbon dioxide", International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 70, 546  551

A.H. Shabelansky, Y. Bernabe, U. Mok, B. Evans, 2013, "Temperature effect on relative permeability of Sioux quartzite in the presence of water and carbon dioxide", Int. J. Rock Mechanics submitted

Y. Bernabe, 2009, "Propagation of Biot slow waves in heterogeneous pipe networks: effect of the pipe radius distribution on the effective wave velocity and attenuation", Journal of Geophysical Research, 114

Y. Bernabe, B. Evans, D.D. Fitzenz, 2009, "Stress transfer during pressure solution compression of rigidly coupled axisymmetric asperities pressed against a flat semiinfinite solid", Pure and Applied Geophysics, 166: 129

Y. Bernabe, B. Evans, 2007, "Pressure solution deformation of axisymmetric asperities under normal loading", in Rock Physics and Geomechanics in the Study of Reservoirs and Repositories, Geol. Soc. London, Spec. Publ. 284, edited by C. David and M. Le RavalecDupin, Geol. Soc. London, UK., pp. 185205

Y. Bernabe, U. Mok, B. Evans, 2003, "Permeabilityporosity Relationships in Rocks Subjected to Various Evolution Processes", Pure and Applied Geophysics, 160, 937  960

C. Bruderer, Y. Bernabe, 2001, "Network modeling of dispersion: Transition from Taylor Dispersion in homogeneous networks to mechanical dispersion in very heterogeneous ones", Water Resources Research, 37, 897  908

Y. Bernabe, C. Bruderer, 1998, "Effect of the variance of pore size distribution on the transport properties of heterogeneous networks", Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 103, 513  525

Y. Bernabe, 1989, "Pore geometry and permeability modeling from pressure dependence of transport properties in sandstone"

Y. Bernabe, 1987, "The effective pressure law for permeability during pore pressure and confining pressure cycling of several crystalline rocks", Journal of Geophysical Research, 928923157360918941812, part A8916788884832, part A77701889847228059, 649

Y. Bernabe, 1986, "The effective pressure law for permeability in Chelmsford granite and Barre granite", International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts, 23, 267  275

Y. Bernabe, W.F. Brace, B. Evans, 1982, "Permeability, porosity and pore geometry of hotpressed calcite", Mechanics of Materials, 1, 173  183