For diagram of acyclic monoterpenoid biosynthesis, click here
Also acts, more slowly on farnesol but not on nerol. The enzyme produces a mixture known as citral, which includes geranial and neral. It is still not known whether neral is produced directly by the enzyme, or by isomerization of geranial.
Potty, V.H. and Bruemmer, J.H. Oxidation of geraniol by an enzyme system from orange. Phytochemistry9 (1970) 1001–1007.
Sekiwa-Iijima, Y., Aizawa, Y. and Kubota, K. Geraniol dehydrogenase activity related to aroma formation in ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe). J. Agric. Food Chem.49 (2001) 5902–5906. [DOI] [PMID: 11743782]
Saito, Y., Ito, S., Koltunow, A.M. and Sakai, H. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of geraniol dehydrogenase from Backhousia citriodora (lemon myrtle). Acta Crystallogr. Sect. F Struct. Biol. Cryst. Commun.67 (2011) 665–667. [DOI] [PMID: 21636906]