The Enzyme Database

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Accepted name: caldopentamine synthase
Reaction: S-adenosyl 3-(methylthio)propylamine + norspermine = S-methyl-5′-thioadenosine + caldopentamine
Glossary: caldopentamine = N-(3-aminopropyl)-N′-{3-[(3-aminopropyl)amino]propyl}-1,3-propanediamine
norspermidine = N-(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-butanediamine
norspermine = N,N′-bis(3-aminopropyl)-1,3-propanediamine
spermidine = N-(3-aminopropyl)-1,4-butanediamine
thermospermine = N-{3-[(3-aminopropyl)amino]propyl}-1,4-butanediamine
Other name(s): long-chain polyamine synthase (ambiguous)
Systematic name: S-adenosyl 3-(methylthio)propylamine:norspermine 3-aminopropyltransferase
Comments: The enzyme, characterized from the thermophilic archaeon Hyperthermus butylicus, can also synthesize norspermine from norspermidine and thermospermine from spermidine (with lower activity). The long-chain polyamines stabilize double-stranded DNA at high temperatures. In contrast to EC, sym-norspermidine synthase and EC, norspermine synthase, this enzyme shows no activity with propane-1,3-diamine.
Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, MetaCyc
1.  Knott, J.M. Biosynthesis of long-chain polyamines by crenarchaeal polyamine synthases from Hyperthermus butylicus and Pyrobaculum aerophilum. FEBS Lett. 583 (2009) 3519–3524. [PMID: 19822146]
[EC created 2014]

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